The Constitution of Kenya

[ Table of Contents | Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 Part 2 ]

Chapter II: The Executive

Part 1 - The President and the Vice-President
4
The office of President.
5
Election of President.
6
Vacancy in office of President.
7
Assumption of office of President.
8
Oath of President.
9
Term of office of President.
10
Determination of questions as to validity of presidential elections, etc.
11
Exercise of President's functions during absence, illness, etc.
12
Removal of President on grounds of incapacity.
13
Salary and allowances of President.
14
Protection of President in respect of legal proceedings during office.
15
The Vice-President of Kenya

4. The office of President
There shall be a President of Kenya, who shall be the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of the Republic.
5. Election of President
  1. The President shall be elected in accordance with this Chapter and, subject thereto, with any Act of Parliament regulating the election of a President.
  2. A person shall be qualified to be nominated for election as President if, and shall not be so qualified unless, he,---
    1. is a citizen of Kenya; and
    2. has attained the age of thirty-five years; and
    3. is registered in some constituency as a voter in elections to the National Assembly.
  3. Whenever Parliament is dissolved, and election of a President shall be held at the ensuing general election, and at that election --
    1. each political party taking part in the general election shall nominate one candidate for President in such manner as may be prescribed by or under an Act of Parliament;
    2. the nomination of a candidate for President shall not be valid unless it is supported, in such manner as may be prescribed by or under an Act of Parliament, by not less than one thousand persons registered as voters in elections to the National Assembly;
    3. where only one candidate for President is validly nominated, and that candidate is elected as a member of the National Assembly, he shall be declared to be elected as President;
    4. where more than one candidate for President is validly nominated, a poll shall be taken in each constituency for the election of a President (whether or not a poll is required to be taken for an election to the National Assembly in that constituency);
    5. in every constituency in which a poll is required to be taken both for the election of a President and for the election of a member of the National Assembly separate polls shall be taken;
    6. the candidate for President who is elected as a member of the National Assembly and who receives a greater number of valid votes cast in the presidential election than any other candidate for President and who, in addition, receives a minimum of twenty-five per cent of the valid votes cast in at least five of the eight provinces shall be declared to be elected as President
  4. A fresh election of a President shall be commenced and held in the manner prescribed by subsection (5) where
    1. no candidate for President has been validly nominated before the expiration of the time for the delivery o[ nominations in a presidential election;
    2. a candidate for President who is validly nominated dies on or before any of the days on which the poll is taken in a presidential election;
    3. a candidate for President, who would but for his death have been entitled to be declared elected as President under this section, dies after the taking of the poll has begun in the presidential election, and before he has been declared elected as President;
    4. no candidate is duly elected in accordance with this section:
      Provided that where a fresh elation is held pursuant to paragraph (d) of this subsection, the only candidates shall be --
      1. the candidate who scored the highest number of votes at the election; and
      2. one among the remaining candidates who has the highest total af votes cast at the election.
  5. In the election of a President otherwise than at a general election-
    1. every candidate for President shall be nomonated by a political party in the manner prescribed by or under an Art of Parliament from amongst the elected members of the National Assembly.
    2. the nomination of a candidate for President shall not be valid unless it is supported, in such manner as may be prescribed by or under an Act of Parliament, by not less than one thousand persons registered as voters in elections to the National Assembly;
    3. where only one candidate for President is validly nominated he shall be declared to be elected as President;
    4. where more than one candidate for President is validly nominated, a poll shall be taken in each constituency for the election of a President;
    5. the candidate for President who receives a greater number of valid votes cast in the presidential election than any other candidate and who, in addition, receives a minimum of twenty-five per cent of the vote cast in at least five of the eight provinces shall be declared to be dected as President
6. Vacancy in office of President
  1. If the office of President becomes vacant by reason of the death or resignation of the President, or by reason of his ceasing to hold office by virtue of section 10 or section 12, an election of a President shall be held within the period of ninety days immediately following the occurrence of that vacancy, and shall be held in the manner prescribed by section 5 (5).
  2. While the office of President is vacant as aforesaid, the functions of that office shall be exercised --
    1. by the Vice-President; or
    2. if there is no Vice-President, or if the Vice-President considers that he is for any reason unable to discharge the functions of the office of President, by such Minister as may be appointed by the Cabinet.
  3. Where the Vice-President or any other Minister is exercising the functions of the office of President by virtue of this section or of section 11, he shall not act, except in accordance with a resolution of the Cabinet, in the exercise of the powers relating to --
    1. the preservation of public security under section 85, or under Part III of the Preservation of Public Security Act:
    2. the prorogation and dissolution of Parliament under subsections (1) and (3) of section 59;
    3. the appointment and removal of Ministers and Assistant Ministers under sections 16 and 19;
    4. the assignment of responsibility to a Minister under section 18; or
    5. the giving of consent to a Minister or Assistant Minister absenting hi.mself from Kenya under section 20.
7.
A person elected as President in accordance with this Constitution shall assume office as President as soon as he is declared to be elected.
8.
A person assuming the office of President shall, before entering upon the office, take and subscribe the oath of allegiance and such oath for the due execution of his office as may be prescribed by or under an Act of Parliament.
9.
  1. The President shall hold office for a term of five years beginning from the date on which he is sworn in as President.
  2. No person shall be elected to hold office as President for more than two terms.
  3. The President shall, unless his office becomes vacant by reason of his death, his resignation or his ceasing to hold office by virtue of section 10 or section 12, continue in office until the person elected as President at a subsequent presidential election assumes office.
  4. The holding of the office of president shall be incompatible with the holding of any other office of profit or of an office in any professional or labour organization and with any professional activity of any other public employment.
10.
  1. Subject to this section, section 44 shall apply to the hearing and determination of a question whether a person has been validly elected as President. as it applies to the hearing and determination of a question whether a person has been validly elected as a member of the National Assembly.
  2. Where a person applies to the High Court for the determination of more than one of the following questions, namely, whether the President was qualified to be nominated for election as President, or was validly elected as President, or was validly elected as a member of the National Assembly. he shall make one application only to the High Court.
  3. Where at any time the High Court determines under section 44 that the President has not been validly elected as a member of the National Assembly. or that the seat in the Assembly of the President has become vacant, the High .Court shall declare the seat in the Assembly of the President to be vacant, and-
    1. an election shall be commenced forthwith and shall be held in the constituency for which the President stood for election as a member of the Assembly; and
    2. if the President is not elected as a member of the Assembly at that election, he shah cease to hold office as President upon the expiration of the time allowed by .law for the making of an application to the High Court under section 44 in respect of that election, or. where such an application is made by him or by the Attorney-General, upon the High Court determining that the person declared to be elected at that election has been validly elected:
    Provided that-
    1. if the High Court determines. in relation to an election held pursuant to paragraph (a) at which a person other than the President has been declared to be elected, that that person has not been validly elected, the High Court shall declare the seat to be vacant and a further election shall be held pursuant to paragraph (b) and this proviso shall apply accordingly:
    ... Missing text ... exercise all the powers and privileges of an elected member of the Assembly until he ceases to hold office as President.
  4. Where the High Court determines under section 44 that .the President has not been validly elected as President for any reason other than that he has not been validly elected as a member of the National Assembly or that the seat in the Assembly of the President has become vacant, he shall cease to hold office as President.
11.
Where the President intends to be absent from Kenya, or where he considers it desirable by reason of illness or any other cause to do so, he may in writing appoint the Vice-President to exercise, subject to section 6 (3) and subject to such restrictions or exceptions as he may specify. the functions of his office.
12.
  1. Any question whether the President, or any other person exercising or about to exercise the functions of the office of President, is unable by reason of physical or mental infirmity to exercise the functions of that office, shall be determined in accordance with this section.
  2. Where the question is whether a person has become unable by reason of physical or mental infirmity to exercise the functions of the office of President, and the Chief Justice is requested by resolution of the Cabinet conveyed to him by the Speaker of the National Assembly to cause that question to be determined, then--
    1. the Chief Justice shall appoint a tribunal, which shall consist of not less than five persons appointed by him from among persons who are qualified as medical practitioners under the law of Kenya, and who shall include any person nominated for appointment in accordance with subsection (5); and
    2. the tribunal shall inquire into the matter and make a report to the Chief Justice, stating the opinion of the tribunal whether or not the person in respect of whom the question arises is, by reason of physical or mental infirmity, unable to discharge the functions of the office of President; and
    ... Missing text ... Speaker of the National Assembly:

    Provided that the Chief Justice shall cause the question to be determined without a resolution of the Cabinet if he receives a certificate under the hand of the Speaker of the National Assembly to the effect that there are no Ministers present in Kenya, other than a person with respect to whom the question arises, and that the Speaker considers that it is in tube .in..terests of Konya ,that ,.he question should be d~ermined without delay.

  3. Where the question is whether any person in respect of whom .the Chief Justice has given a certificate in accordance with subsection (2) that he is unable to exercise the functions of the office of President, has ceased to be unable by reason of physical or mental infirmity to exercise those functions, and the Chief Justice is requested, by resolution of the Cabinet conveyed to him by the Speaker of the National Assembly, or by request under the hand of the person in respect of whom such certificate was given conveyed to him by the Speaker of the Assembly, to cause that question to be determined, then the Chief Justice shall appoint a tribunal in accordance with subsection (2) (a), and that tribunal shall inquire into the matter and report in accordance with paragraph (b) of that subsection, and the Chief Justice shall certify accordingly under his hand and cause the certificate to be conveyed to the Speaker of the Assembly.
  4. Where the Speaker of the National Assembly has received a certificate of the Chief Justice pursuant to this section that the President is unable to discharge the functions of his office, and within the succeeding period of three months the Speaker has not received any certificate of the Chief Justice pursuant to this section that the President has ceased to be unable to discharge the functions of his office, the President shall cease to hold office upon the expiration of the said period.
  5. Where the Speaker conveys a resolution of the Cabinet to the Chief Justice under subsection (2) or (3), he shall forthwith notify .the person in respect of whom the question arises, and that person may, by writing delivered to the Speaker within two days of his being so notified, nominate for appointment as members of the tribunal to be appointed by the Chief Justice under this section not more than two persons qualified to be so appointed.
  6. ... Missing text ... National Assembly is vacant or the holder of that office is unable for any reason to exercise the functions vested in him by this section, those functions may be exercised by the Deputy Speaker of the Assembly.
13.
  1. The Presid~m,t shalI receive suCh salary, allowan~ and benefits as m,~y tx~ d~t~a'mined by a resolu~on of the Nareionai Assem'l~ly.
  2. Where the Presiderrt ceases ~o hold ~ffice, he shall be enfi~ecl ~ receive a portion, grlt~xtiBr and other allowances together with such o~r .benefits and fa~iti.~i~, including adequate se~ari~, office, staff ..and .travel atl. owances, as may be ,prescribed by or under an Aa of Parliamenl.
  3. Th~ salary and all~veanees payable fro ,the President and ~my .peruion or grmuity payable a:o ~ on retiremere shall be a charge upon the ~lida. ted Fund.
  4. 'Itte salary, ,allowances and ,privileges of the P.residertt shall not be varied .to ih~ disadvantage while fie ix,lcls office.
  5. The .pension and all~wances payable .to .1t~ President who ~has ceased ,to hold office and ,.he facilities and other Ixme~lts available fro ~m shall not .be vari~xl ~ .h~_s d_i~_~advanage during hiis ~etime.
14.
  1. No criminal proceedings whatsoever shall be instituted or continued against the President while he holds office. or against any person while he is exercising the functions of the office of President.
  2. No civil proceedings in which relief is claimed in respect of anything done or omitted to be done shall be instituted or continued against the President while he holds office or against any person ,,vhile 'he is exercising the functions of the office of President.
  3. Where provision is made by law limiting the time within which proceedings of any description may be brought against any person, a period of time during which a person holds or exercises the functions of the office of President shall not be taken into account in ealeula-ting any period of time prescribed by that law which determines whether any such proceedings as are mentioned in subsection (I) or (2.) may be brought against that person.
15.
  1. There shall be a Vice-President of Kenya, who shall be appointed by the President.
  2. The President shall appoint the Vice-President from among the Ministers who are elected members of the National Assembly:
  3. Provided that no appointment to the office of VicePresident shall be made at any time when the functions of the office of President are being exercised by any person other than the President.
  4. The Vice-President shall be the principal assistant of the President in the discharge of his functions.
  5. The Vice-President shall not enter upon the duties of his office unless he has taken and subscribed the oath of allegiance and such oath for the due execution of his office as may be prescribed by Parliament.
  6. During his tenure of office, the Vice-President shall not hold any office of profit other than those of Vice-President. Minister and member of the National Assembly.
  7. The office of the Vice-President shall become vacant-
    1. if the President so directs; or
    2. if the holder of the office ceases to be an elected member of the National Assembly otherwise than by reason of the dissolution of Parliament; or
    3. upon the election of a person to the office of President.

[ Table of Contents | Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 Part 2 ]